CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Introductory Note
 
Preamble

 
Chapter I               Purposes and Principles (Articles 1-2) Chapter II              Membership (Articles 3-6)
Chapter III             Organs (Articles 7-8)
 
Chapter IV            The General Assembly (Articles 9-22) Chapter V              The Security Council (Articles 23-32)
Chapter VI            Pacific Settlement of Disputes (Articles 33-38)
 
Chapter VII           Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and
 
Acts of aggression (Articles 39-51) Chapter VIII          Regional Arrangements (Articles 52-54)
Chapter IX            International Economic and Social Cooperation (Articles 55-60) Chapter X              The Economic and Social Council (Articles 61-72)
Chapter XI            Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories (Articles 73-74) Chapter XII           International Trusteeship System (Articles 75-85)
Chapter XIII          The Trusteeship Council (Articles 86-91)
 
Chapter XIV          The International Court of Justice (Articles 92-96) Chapter XV           The Secretariat (Articles 97-101)
Chapter XVI          Miscellaneous Provisions (Articles 102-105)
 
Chapter XVII         Transitional Security Arrangements (Articles 106-107) Chapter XVIII        Amendments (Articles 108-109)
Chapter XIX          Ratification and Signature (Articles 110-111)


INTRODUCTORY NOTE
 
The  Charter of  the  United Nations was  signed on  26  June  1945,   in  San  Francisco, at  the conclusion of the  United Nations Conference on  International Organization, and  came  into  force  on
24 October 1945.  The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.
  
Amendments to Articles 23,  27 and  61 of the  Charter were  adopted by the  General Assembly on  17  December 1963  and  came  into  force  on  31  August 1965.  A further amendment to Article 61 was adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 1971,  and came  into force  on 24 September
1973.  An amendment to Article 109, adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 1965, came into force on 12 June 1968.
 
The amendment to Article 23 enlarges the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen. The  amended Article 27 provides that decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall  be made  by an affirmative vote  of nine  members (formerly seven) and on all other  matters by an affirmative  vote   of  nine   members  (formerly  seven),  including  the   concurring  votes   of  the   five permanent members of the Security Council.
 
The  amendment to  Article 61,  which   entered into  force   on  31  August 1965,   enlarged the membership of  the  Economic and  Social Council from  eighteen to  twenty-seven. The  subsequent amendment to  that  Article, which  entered into  force  on  24  September 1973,  further increased the membership of the Council from  twenty-seven to fifty-four.
 
The amendment to Article 109, which relates to the first  paragraph of that  Article, provides that a General Conference of Member States for the  purpose of reviewing the Charter may  be held  at a date  and  place to be fixed by a two-thirds vote of the  members of the General Assembly and  by  a vote  of any nine  members (formerly seven) of the Security Council. Paragraph 3 of Article 109,  which deals  with  the  consideration of a possible review conference during the  tenth  regular session of the General Assembly, has  been  retained in  its  original form  in  its  reference to  a  “vote,  of  any  seven members of  the  Security Council”, the  paragraph having been  acted  upon  in  1955  by  the  General Assembly, at its tenth  regular session, and by the Security Council.
 
PREAMBLE TO THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS
 
WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED
  
to  save  succeeding generations from  the  scourge of  war,  which   twice  in  our  lifetime has  brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
 
to  reaffirm faith  in fundamental human rights, in the  dignity and  worth  of  the  human person, in the equal  rights  of men  and women and of nations large  and small, and

to establish conditions under  which  justice and  respect for  the  obligations arising from  treaties and other  sources of international law can be maintained, and
 
to promote social  progress and better  standards of life in larger  freedom,
 
AND FOR THESE ENDS
 
to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good  neighbours, and to unite  our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
to ensure, by the  acceptance of principles and  the  institution of methods, that  armed force  shall  not be used,  save  in the common interest, and
 
to employ international machinery for  the  promotion of the  economic and  social  advancement of all peoples,
 
HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS
 
Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who  have  exhibited their  full powers found  to be in good  and due form,  have  agreed to the present Charter of  the  United Nations and  do  hereby establish an  international organization to  be known as the United Nations.
 
 CHAPTER I PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES
 
 
Article 1

The Purposes of the United Nations are:
1.       To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to  take   effective collective measures for  the  prevention and  removal of threats to the  peace, and  for  the  suppression of acts  of aggression or other  breaches of the peace, and  to bring  about  by peaceful means, and in  conformity with  the  principles of  justice and  international law,  adjustment or  settlement of international disputes or situations which  might  lead  to a breach of the peace;
 
2.       To  develop friendly relations among nations based on  respect for  the  principle of equal  rights and   self-determination  of  peoples,  and   to  take   other   appropriate  measures  to  strengthen universal peace;
 
3.       To  achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and  for  fundamental freedoms for  all without distinction as  to race,  sex,  language, or religion; and
 
4.       To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.


Article 2
The Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.
 
1.       The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.
 
2.       All   Members,  in   order   to   ensure  to   all   of   them   the   rights   and   benefits  resulting  from membership, shall  fulfil  in good  faith  the  obligations assumed by  them  in accordance with  the present Charter.
 
3.       All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.
 
4.       All Members shall  refrain in their  international relations from  the  threat  or use  of force  against the   territorial  integrity  or   political  independence  of   any   state,   or   in   any   other   manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.
 
5.       All Members shall  give  the United Nations every  assistance in any action it takes  in accordance with  the present Charter, and  shall  refrain from  giving assistance to any state  against which  the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
 
6.       The  Organization shall  ensure that  states which  are  not  Members of the  United Nations act  in accordance  with   these   Principles  so   far   as   may   be   necessary  for   the   maintenance  of international peace and security.
 
7.       Nothing contained in  the  present Charter shall  authorize the  United Nations to  intervene in matters which  are  essentially within  the  domestic jurisdiction of  any  state  or  shall  require the Members to  submit such  matters to  settlement under   the  present Charter; but  this  principle shall  not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under  Chapter VII.
 
CHAPTER II MEMBERSHIP
 
Article 3
 
The original Members of the United Nations shall  be the states which, having participated in the United Nations Conference on  International Organization at  San  Francisco, or  having previously signed the  Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942,  sign  the  present Charter and  ratify  it in accordance with Article 110.
 
Article 4 
1.       Membership in  the  United Nations is  open  to  all  other  peace-loving states which  accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and,  in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry  out these  obligations.
 
2.       The  admission of  any  such  state  to  membership in  the  United Nations will  be  effected by  a decision of the General Assembly upon  the recommendation of the Security Council.

Article 5 
A  Member of  the  United Nations against which   preventive or  enforcement action has  been taken  by  the  Security Council may  be  suspended from  the  exercise of  the  rights  and  privileges of membership  by  the  General  Assembly  upon   the  recommendation  of  the  Security  Council.  The Security Council may restore the exercise of these rights and privileges.
  
Article 6 
A Member of the United Nations which  has  persistently violated the Principles contained in the present  Charter  may   be   expelled  from   the   Organization  by   the   General  Assembly  upon   the recommendation of the Security Council.
 
 
CHAPTER III ORGANS
 
Article 7 

1.       There are  established as  the  principal organs of  the  United Nations: a General Assembly, a Security Council, an  Economic and  Social Council, a  Trusteeship Council, an  International Court  of Justice, and a Secretariat.
 
2.       Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.
  
Article 8 
The United Nations shall place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in its principal and subsidiary organs.
 
CHAPTER IV
 
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY COMPOSITION

Article 9

1.       The General Assembly shall consist of all the Members of the United Nations.
 
2.       Each Member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly.


FUNCTIONS AND POWERS
  
Article 10
The  General Assembly may  discuss any  questions or  any  matters within   the  scope of  the present Charter or  relating to  the  powers and  functions of  any  organs provided for  in  the  present Charter, and,  except as  provided in Article 12,  may  make  recommendations to the  Members of the United Nations or to the Security Council or to both  on any such  questions or matters.
 
Article 11 
1.       The  General Assembly may  consider the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of  international peace and  security, including the  principles governing disarmament and  the regulation of armaments, and may  make  recommendations with  regard to such  principles to the Members or to the Security Council or to both.
 
2.       The  General Assembly may  discuss any  questions relating to the  maintenance of international peace and  security brought before it by any  Member of the  United Nations, or by the  Security Council, or by a state  which  is not  a Member of the  United Nations in accordance with  Article 35,  paragraph 2,  and,   except as  provided in  Article 12,  may  make   recommendations with regard to any  such  questions to the  state  or states concerned or to the  Security Council or to both.  Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Security Council by the General Assembly either before or after discussion.
 
3.       The  General Assembly may  call  the  attention of  the  Security Council to  situations which  are likely  to endanger international peace and security.
 
4.       The powers of the General Assembly set forth in this Article shall not limit the general scope of Article 10.
  
Article 12 
1.       While   the  Security Council is  exercising in  respect of  any  dispute or  situation the  functions assigned   to   it   in   the    present   Charter,   the    General   Assembly   shall    not    make    any recommendation  with   regard  to  that   dispute  or  situation  unless  the   Security  Council  so requests.
 
2.       The   Secretary-General, with   the  consent of  the  Security Council, shall   notify   the  General Assembly at each  session of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which  are being  dealt  with  by the Security Council and  shall  similarly notify  the General Assembly, or  the  Members of  the  United Nations if the  General Assembly is  not  in  session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal  with such  matters.
 
Article 13 
1.       The General Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of: 
a)       promoting international co-operation in the political field  and  encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification;

b)       promoting international co-operation in  the  economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields, and  assisting in the  realization of human rights  and  fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race,  sex, language, or religion.
 
2.       The further responsibilities, functions and powers of the General Assembly with respect to matters mentioned in paragraph 1 (b) above are set forth in Chapters IX and X.
  
Article 14
Subject to the  provisions of Article 12,  the  General Assembly may  recommend measures for the  peaceful adjustment of  any  situation, regardless of  origin, which   it  deems likely  to  impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations, including situations resulting from  a violation of the provisions of the present Charter setting forth  the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.
 
Article 15 
1.       The  General Assembly shall  receive and  consider annual and  special reports from  the Security Council; these  reports shall  include an account of the  measures that  the  Security Council has decided upon  or taken  to maintain international peace and security.
 
2.       The General Assembly shall receive and consider reports from the other organs of the United Nations.
 
Article 16 
The General Assembly shall  perform such  functions with  respect to the international trusteeship system as  are  assigned to it under  Chapters XII  and  XIII,  including the  approval of the  trusteeship agreements for areas  not designated as strategic.
  
Article 17
1.       The General Assembly shall consider and approve the budget of the Organization.
 
2.       The expenses of the Organization shall   be borne   by the Members as apportioned by the General Assembly.
 
3.       The  General Assembly shall  consider and  approve any  financial and  budgetary arrangements with  specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 and  shall  examine the administrative budgets of such specialized  agencies  with a view to making  recommendations to the agencies concerned.

VOTING Article 18
1.       Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote.
 
2.       Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall   be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. These questions shall  include: recommendations with  respect to  the  maintenance of  international peace and  security, the  election of  the  non- permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the members of the Economic and Social  Council,  the   election  of  members  of  the   Trusteeship  Council  in  accordance  with paragraph 1  (c)  of  Article 86,  the  admission of  new   Members to  the  United Nations, the suspension of  the  rights  and  privileges of  membership, the  expulsion of  Members, questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system, and budgetary questions.
 
3.       Decisions on other questions, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.
 
Article 19 
A Member of the United Nations which  is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall  have  no vote  in the General Assembly if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the  amount of  the  contributions due  from  it for  the  preceding two  full  years. The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.

PROCEDURE Article 20

The General Assembly shall meet in regular annual sessions and in such special sessions as occasion may require. Special sessions shall be convoked by the Secretary-General at the request of the Security Council or of a majority of the Members of the United Nations.
 
Article 21 
The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure. It shall elect its President for each session.
  
Article 22
The General Assembly may establish such subsidiary organs, as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions. 
 
CHAPTER V
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL COMPOSITION

Article 23 

1.       The  Security Council shall  consist of  fifteen Members of  the  United Nations. The  Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great  Britain and Northern  Ireland,  and   the  United  States  of  America  shall   be  permanent  members  of  the Security Council. The  General Assembly shall  elect  ten other  Members of the United Nations to be non-permanent members of the Security Council, due regard being  specially paid,  in the first instance  to   the   contribution  of   Members  of   the   United  Nations  to   the   maintenance  of international peace and  security and  to  the  other  purposes of  the  Organization, and  also  to equitable geographical distribution.
 
2.       The non-permanent members of the Security Council shall be elected for a term of two years. In the first election of the non-permanent members after the increase of the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen, two of the four additional members shall be chosen for a term of one year.  A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election.
 
3.       Each member of the Security Council shall have  one representative.

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS Article 24 
1.       In order  to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and  security, and  agree  that  in carrying out  its  duties under  this  responsibility the  Security Council acts  on their  behalf.
 
2.       In discharging these duties the Security Council shall  act in accordance with  the Purposes and Principles of  the  United Nations. The specific powers granted to the Security Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII.
 
3.       The Security Council shall submit annual and, when necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for its consideration.
  
Article 25
The Members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security
Council in accordance with the present Charter.
  
Article 26 
In order  to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least  diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources, the Security Council shall  be responsible for formulating, with  the assistance of the Military Staff  Committee referred to in Article 47,  plans  to  be  submitted to  the  Members of  the  United Nations for  the  establishment of  a system for the regulation of armaments.

VOTING Article 27
1.       Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote.
 
2.       Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members. 
3.       Decisions of the  Security Council on  all other  matters shall  be  made  by  an  affirmative vote  of nine  members including the  concurring votes   of  the  permanent members; provided that,  in decisions under  Chapter VI,  and  under  paragraph 3  of  Article 52,  a  party  to  a  dispute shall abstain from  voting.

PROCEDURE Article 28
1.       The   Security Council shall  be so organized as to be able to function continuously. Each member of the Security Council shall for this  purpose be represented at all times  at the seat  of the Organization.
 
2.       The  Security Council shall  hold  periodic meetings at  which  each  of  its  members may,  if it so desires, be represented by a member of the government or by some  other  specially designated representative.
 
3.       The  Security Council may  hold  meetings at such  places other  than  the seat  of the Organization as in its judgement will best  facilitate its work.
  
Article 29 
The  Security Council may  establish such   subsidiary organs as  it  deems necessary for  the performance of its functions.
  
Article 30 
The  Security Council shall  adopt  its own  rules  of procedure, including the  method of selecting its President.
 
Article 31
Any   Member  of  the  United  Nations  which   is  not  a  member  of  the  Security  Council  may participate, without vote,   in  the  discussion of  any  question brought before the  Security Council whenever the latter  considers that the interests of that Member are specially affected.
 
Article 32 
Any  Member of the  United Nations which  is not  a member of the  Security Council or any  state which  is not  a Member of the  United Nations, if it is a party  to a dispute under  consideration by the Security Council, shall  be invited to participate, without vote,  in the discussion relating to the dispute. The  Security Council shall  lay  down  such  conditions as  it deems just  for  the  participation of a state which  is not a Member of the United Nations.
 
CHAPTER VI
 
PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

 
Article 33
1.       The  parties to any  dispute, the  continuance of which  is likely  to endanger the  maintenance of international peace and  security, shall,   first  of  all,  seek   a  solution by  negotiation, enquiry, mediation,   conciliation,   arbitration,   judicial   settlement,   resort    to   regional   agencies   or arrangements, or other  peaceful means of their  own  choice.
 
2.       The  Security Council shall,   when   it  deems necessary, call  upon   the  parties to  settle   their dispute by such  means.
  
Article 34 
The   Security  Council  may   investigate  any   dispute,  or  any   situation  which   might   lead   to international friction or  give  rise  to a dispute, in order  to determine whether the  continuance of the dispute or situation is likely  to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.
 
Article 35
1.       Any  Member of  the  United Nations may   bring   any  dispute, or  any  situation of  the  nature referred to in Article 34, to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly.
 
2.       A state  which  is not  a Member of the  United Nations may  bring  to the  attention of the  Security Council or of the General Assembly any dispute to which  it is a party  if it accepts in advance, for the  purposes  of  the  dispute,  the  obligations  of  pacific  settlement  provided  in  the  present Charter.
 
3.       The  proceedings of the  General Assembly in respect of matters brought to its attention under this Article will be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and 12.
 
Article 36 
1.       The  Security Council may,  at any  stage  of a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 or of a situation of like nature, recommend appropriate procedures or methods of adjustment.
 
2.       The  Security Council should take  into  consideration any  procedures for  the  settlement of  the dispute which  have  already been  adopted by the parties.
 
3.       In  making  recommendations  under   this   Article  the  Security  Council  should  also   take   into consideration that  legal  disputes should as  a  general rule  be  referred by  the  parties to  the International Court  of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court. 
 
Article 37
1.       Should the  parties to  a  dispute of  the  nature referred to  in  Article 33  fail  to  settle  it  by  the means indicated in that Article, they  shall  refer  it to the Security Council.
 
2.       If the Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely  to endanger the maintenance of  international peace and  security, it shall  decide whether to  take  action under Article 36 or to recommend such  terms  of settlement as it may  consider appropriate.
  
Article 38 
Without prejudice to  the  provisions of  Articles 33  to  37,  the  Security Council may,  if  all  the parties to  any  dispute so  request, make   recommendations to  the  parties with  a  view  to  a  pacific settlement of the dispute.
  
CHAPTER VII
 
ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE, BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION

 
Article 39 
The  Security Council shall  determine the  existence of  any  threat  to  the  peace, breach of  the peace, or  act  of  aggression and  shall  make  recommendations, or  decide what  measures shall  be taken  in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
  
Article 40 
In order  to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may,  before making the recommendations or  deciding upon  the  measures provided for  in  Article 39,  call  upon  the  parties concerned to  comply with  such   provisional measures as  it  deems necessary or  desirable. Such provisional  measures  shall   be  without  prejudice  to  the  rights,  claims,  or  position  of  the  parties concerned. The  Security Council shall  duly  take  account of  failure to  comply with  such  provisional measures.
 
Article 41 
The Security Council may  decide what  measures not involving the use of armed force  are to be employed to give  effect  to its decisions, and  it may  call  upon  the  Members of the  United Nations to apply  such  measures. These may  include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail,  sea,  air,  postal, telegraphic, radio,  and  other  means of communication, and  the  severance of diplomatic relations.
 
Article 42 
Should  the   Security  Council  consider  that   measures  provided  for  in  Article  41  would  be inadequate or have  proved to be  inadequate, it may  take  such  action by  air,  sea,  or land  forces as may  be  necessary to maintain or restore international peace and  security. Such  action may  include demonstrations, blockade, and  other  operations by air, sea,  or land  forces of Members of the United Nations.
 
Article 43 
1.       All  Members of  the  United Nations, in  order  to  contribute to  the  maintenance of  international peace and  security, undertake to  make   available to  the  Security Council, on  its  call  and  in accordance with  a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and  facilities, including rights  of passage, necessary for  the  purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
 
2.       Such  agreement or agreements shall  govern the  numbers and  types  of forces, their  degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.
 
3.       The  agreement or agreements shall  be negotiated as soon  as possible on the  initiative of the Security Council. They   shall   be  concluded between the  Security Council and  Members or between the Security Council and  groups of Members and  shall  be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their  respective constitutional processes.
 
Article 44 
When the Security Council has  decided to use  force  it shall,  before calling upon  a Member not represented on  it to provide armed forces in fulfilment of the  obligations assumed under  Article 43, invite  that  Member, if the  Member so  desires, to participate in the  decisions of the  Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of that Member’s armed forces.
  
Article 45 
In  order  to  enable the  United Nations to  take  urgent military measures, Members shall  hold immediately available national air-force contingents for  combined international enforcement action. The  strength and  degree of readiness of these  contingents and  plans  for their  combined action shall be determined within  the limits  laid down  in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43, by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff  Committee.
 
Article 46 
Plans   for  the  application  of  armed  force   shall   be  made   by  the  Security  Council  with   the assistance of the Military Staff  Committee.
 
Article 47
1.       There shall  be established a Military Staff  Committee to advise and  assist  the Security Council on all questions relating to the  Security Council’s military requirements for the  maintenance of international  peace  and   security,  the   employment  and   command  of  forces  placed  at  its disposal, the regulation of armaments, and possible disarmament.
 
2.       The  Military Staff  Committee shall  consist of the  Chiefs of Staff  of the  permanent members of the   Security  Council  or   their   representatives.  Any   Member  of   the   United  Nations  not permanently represented on the Committee shall  be invited by the Committee to be associated with  it when  the efficient discharge of the Committee’s responsibilities requires the participation of that Member in its work.

3.       The  Military Staff  Committee shall  be  responsible under  the  Security Council for  the  strategic direction of any  armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security Council. Questions relating to the command of such  forces shall  be worked out subsequently.
 
4.       The   Military  Staff   Committee,  with   the   authorization  of   the   Security  Council  and   after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, may  establish regional sub-committees.
  
Article 48 
1.       The  action required to carry  out  the  decisions of the  Security Council for  the  maintenance of international peace and  security shall  be taken  by all the  Members of the  United Nations or by some  of them,  as the Security Council may  determine.
 
2.       Such  decisions shall  be carried out by the Members of the United Nations directly and  through their  action in the appropriate international agencies of which  they  remembers.
 
Article 49 
The  Members of the United Nations shall  join  in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon  by the Security Council.
 
Article 50 
If preventive or enforcement measures against any state  are taken  by the Security Council, any other  state,  whether a Member of the United Nations or not,  which  finds  itself  confronted with  special economic problems arising from  the carrying out of those  measures shall  have  the right  to consult the Security Council with regard to a solution of those  problems.
  
Article 51 
Nothing in  the  present Charter shall  impair the  inherent right  of  individual or  collective self- defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until  the Security Council has  taken   measures necessary to  maintain international peace and  security. Measures taken   by Members in  the  exercise of  this  right  of  self-defence shall  be  immediately reported to  the  Security Council and  shall  not  in any  way  affect  the  authority and  responsibility of the  Security Council under the  present Charter to  take  at  any  time  such  action as  it deems necessary in  order  to  maintain or restore international peace and security.
  
CHAPTER VIII REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
 
Article 52 

1.       Nothing in the  present Charter precludes the  existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with  such  matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and  security as are  appropriate for  regional action provided that  such   arrangements or  agencies and  their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.
 
2.       The  Members of  the  United Nations entering into  such   arrangements or  constituting such agencies shall  make  every  effort  to  achieve pacific settlement of  local  disputes through such regional arrangements or  by  such   regional agencies before referring them   to  the  Security Council.
 
3.       The  Security Council shall  encourage the  development of  pacific settlement of  local  disputes through such  regional arrangements or by such  regional agencies either  on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from  the Security Council.
 
4.       This  Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.
  
Article 53
1.       The  Security Council shall,  where appropriate, utilize  such  regional arrangements or agencies for  enforcement action under   its  authority. But  no  enforcement action shall  be  taken   under regional  arrangements  or  by   regional  agencies  without  the   authorization  of  the   Security Council, with  the exception of measures against any  enemy state,  as defined in paragraph 2 of this  Article, provided for  pursuant to  Article 107  or  in  regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy  on the  part  of any  such  state,  until  such  time  as the  Organisation may,   on   request  of  the   Governments  concerned,  be   charged  with   the   responsibility  for preventing further aggression by such  a state.
 
2.       The  term  enemy state  as used  in paragraph 1 of this  Article applies to any  state  which  during the Second World War  has been  an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.
 
Article 54 
The  Security Council shall  at  all  times   be  kept  fully  informed of  activities undertaken or  in contemplation  under    regional  arrangements  or   by   regional  agencies  for   the   maintenance  of international peace and security.
 
CHAPTER  IX
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC  AND SOCIAL CO-OPERATION

 
Article 55 
With  a  view  to  the  creation of  conditions of  stability and  well-being which  are  necessary for peaceful and  friendly relations among nations based on respect for  the  principle of equal  rights  and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall  promote:
 
a)       higher  standards  of  living,   full   employment,  and   conditions  of  economic  and   social progress and development;
 
b)       solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational co-operation; and
 
c)       universal respect for, and  observance of, human rights  and  fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race,  sex, language, or religion.
 
Article 56 
All  Members pledge themselves to  take  joint  and  separate action in  co-operation with  the
Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth  in Article 55.
  
Article 57 
1.     The  various specialized agencies, established by intergovernmental agreement and  having wide international responsibilities, as  defined in their  basic  instruments, in economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and  related fields, shall  be brought into  relationship with  the  United Nations in accordance with the provisions of Article 63.
 
2.     Such  agencies thus  brought into  relationship with  the  United Nations are  hereinafter referred to as specialized agencies.
  
Article 58 
The   Organization  shall   make   recommendations  for   the   co-ordination  of  the   policies  and activities of the specialized agencies.
 
Article 59
The Organization shall,  where appropriate, initiate negotiations among the states concerned for the  creation of  any  new  specialized agencies required for  the  accomplishment of  the  purposes set forth  in Article 55.
  
Article 60 
Responsibility for  the  discharge of  the  functions of  the  Organization set  forth  in  this  Chapter shall  be  vested in  the  General Assembly and,  under  the  authority of  the  General Assembly, in  the Economic and Social Council, which  shall  have  for this purpose the powers set forth  in Chapter X.
 
CHAPTER X
 
THE ECONOMIC  AND SOCIAL COUNCIL COMPOSITION

Article 61 

1.       The  Economic and  Social Council shall  consist of  fifty-four Members of  the  United Nations elected by the General Assembly.
 
2.       Subject to  the  provisions of  paragraph 3,  eighteen members of  the  Economic and  Social Council shall  be elected each  year  for a term  of three  years. A retiring member shall  be eligible for immediate re-election.

3.       At the  first  election after  the  increase in the  membership of the  Economic and  Social Council from  twenty-seven to fifty-four members, in addition to the members elected in place  of the nine members  whose  term   of  office   expires  at  the   end   of  that   year,   twenty-seven  additional members shall  be elected. Of these  twenty-seven additional members, the term  of office  of nine members so elected shall  expire at the end  of one  year,  and  of nine  other  members at the end of two years, in accordance with arrangements made  by the General Assembly.

4.       Each  member of the Economic and Social Council shall  have  one representative.
FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

Article 62 
1.       The  Economic and  Social Council may  make   or  initiate studies and  reports with  respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and  related matters and  may  make recommendations with  respect to any such  matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.
 
2.       It may  make  recommendations for  the  purpose of  promoting respect for,  and  observance of, human rights  and fundamental freedoms for all.
 
3.       It  may  prepare draft  conventions for  submission to  the  General Assembly, with  respect to matters falling within  its competence.
 
4.       It  may   call,   in  accordance  with   the   rules   prescribed  by  the   United  Nations,  international conferences on matters falling within  its competence.
 
Article 63
1.       The  Economic and  Social Council may  enter  into agreements with  any of the agencies referred to  in  Article 57,  defining the  terms   on  which   the  agency concerned shall   be  brought into relationship with  the  United Nations. Such   agreements shall   be  subject to  approval by  the General Assembly.
 
2.       It  may   co-ordinate the  activities of  the  specialized agencies through consultation with  and recommendations to  such  agencies and  through recommendations to  the  General Assembly and to the Members of the United Nations.
 
Article 64 
1.       The Economic and Social Council may  take  appropriate steps  to obtain regular reports from  the specialized agencies. It may  make  arrangements with  the  Members of the  United Nations and with  the  specialized agencies to  obtain reports on  the  steps   taken   to  give  effect   to  its  own recommendations and  to recommendations on  matters falling within  its  competence made  by the General Assembly.
 
2.       It may  communicate its observations on these  reports to the General Assembly.
 
Article 65 
The  Economic and  Social Council may  furnish information to  the  Security Council and  shall assist  the Security Council upon  its request.
  
Article 66 
1.       The  Economic and  Social Council shall  perform such  functions as fall within  its competence in connection with the carrying out of the recommendations of the General Assembly.
 
2.       It may,  with  the approval of the General Assembly, perform services at the request of Members of the United Nations and at the request of specialized agencies.
 
3.       It shall  perform such  other  functions as  are  specified elsewhere in  the  present Charter or  as may  be assigned to it by the General Assembly.

VOTING Article 67

1.       Each  member of the Economic and Social Council shall  have  one vote.
 
2.       Decisions of  the  Economic and  Social Council shall  be  made  by  a  majority of  the  members present and voting.

PROCEDURE Article 68

The  Economic and  Social Council shall  set  up commissions in economic and  social  fields  and for   the   promotion  of  human  rights,  and   such   other   commissions  as  may   be  required  for   the performance of its functions.
  
Article 69 
The  Economic and  Social Council shall  invite  any  Member of the United Nations to participate, without vote,  in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that Member.
  
Article 70
The   Economic  and   Social  Council  may   make   arrangements  for   representatives  of   the specialized agencies to participate, without vote,  in its deliberations and  in those  of the  commissions established by  it,  and  for  its  representatives to  participate in  the  deliberations of  the  specialized agencies.
 
Article 71
The  Economic and  Social Council may  make  suitable arrangements for consultation with  non- governmental  organizations  which    are   concerned  with   matters  within    its   competence.  Such arrangements may  be  made  with  international organizations and,  where appropriate, with  national organizations after  consultation with the Member of the United Nations concerned.
  
Article 72 
1.       The  Economic and  Social Council shall  adopt  its own  rules  of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.
 
2.       The  Economic and  Social Council shall  meet  as  required in  accordance with  its  rules,  which shall   include  provision  for  the  convening  of  meetings  on  the  request  of  a  majority  of  its members.
 
CHAPTER XI
 
DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES

  
Article 73
Members of the  United Nations which  have  or assume responsibilities for the  administration of territories whose peoples have   not  yet  attained a  full  measure of  self-government recognize the principle that  the  interests of  the  inhabitants of  these   territories are  paramount, and  accept as  a sacred trust  the  obligation to  promote to  the  utmost, within  the  system of  international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these  territories, and, to this end:
 
a)       to  ensure, with   due  respect for  the  culture of  the  peoples concerned, their   political, economic, social, and  educational advancement, their  just  treatment, and  their  protection against abuses;
 
b)       to  develop  self-government,  to  take   due   account  of  the   political  aspirations  of  the peoples,  and   to   assist   them   in  the   progressive  development  of   their   free   political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each  territory and its peoples and their  varying stages of advancement;
 
c)       to further international peace and security; 
to  promote constructive measures of  development, to  encourage research, and  to  co- operate with  one another and,  when  and where appropriate, with  specialized international bodies with  a  view  to  the  practical achievement of  the  social, economic, and  scientific purposes set  forth  in  this  Article; and  to  transmit regularly to  the  Secretary-General for information   purposes,   subject   to    such    limitation   as    security   and    constitutional considerations may  require, statistical and  other  information of a technical nature relating to  economic,  social,  and   educational  conditions  in  the  territories  for  which   they   are respectively responsible other  than  those  territories to which  Chapters XII and XIII apply.
 
Article 74 
Members of the United Nations also  agree  that  their  policy  in respect of the territories to which this  Chapter applies, no  less  than  in  respect of  their  metropolitan areas, must   be  based on  the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due  account being  taken  of the interests and  well-being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.
 
CHAPTER XII
 
INTERNATIONAL TRUSTEESHIP SYSTEM

 
Article 75 
The United Nations shall  establish under  its authority an international trusteeship system for the administration  and   supervision  of  such   territories  as  may   be  placed  thereunder  by  subsequent individual agreements. These territories are hereinafter referred to as trust territories.
  
Article 76 
The  basic  objectives of the  trusteeship system, in accordance with  the  Purposes of the  United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:
a)       to further international peace and security;
 
b)       to   promote  the   political,  economic,  social,  and   educational  advancement  of   the inhabitants  of  the   trust   territories,  and   their   progressive  development  towards  self- government or  independence as  may  be  appropriate to  the  particular circumstances of each  territory and  its peoples and  the freely  expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may  be provided by the terms  of each  trusteeship agreement;
 
c)       to  encourage respect for  human rights   and  for  fundamental freedoms for  all  without distinction as  to  race,  sex,  language, or  religion, and  to  encourage recognition of  the interdependence of the peoples of the world; and
 
d)       to ensure equal  treatment in social, economic, and  commercial matters for  all Members of  the  United Nations and  their  nationals, and  also  equal  treatment for  the  latter  in  the administration of  justice, without prejudice to  the  attainment of  the  foregoing objectives and subject to the provisions of Article 80.
  
Article 77 
1.       The  trusteeship system shall  apply  to  such  territories in  the  following categories as  may  be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:
 
a)       territories now  held  under  mandate;
 
b)       territories which  may  be  detached from  enemy states as  a result  of  the  Second World
War;  and
 
c)       territories   voluntarily   placed   under    the    system   by    states   responsible   for    their administration.
 
2.       It will  be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which  territories in the  foregoing categories will be brought under  the trusteeship system and upon  what  terms.
 
Article 78 
The trusteeship system shall  not apply  to territories which  have  become Members of the  United Nations, relationship among which  shall  be based on respect for the principle of sovereign equality.
 
Article 79 
The  terms  of trusteeship for each  territory to be placed under  the trusteeship system, including any  alteration or  amendment, shall  be  agreed upon  by  the  states directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the  case  of territories held  under  mandate by a Member of the  United Nations, and shall  be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.
  
Article 80 
1.       Except as may  be agreed upon  in individual trusteeship agreements, made  under  Articles 77, 79,  and  81,  placing each  territory under   the  trusteeship system, and  until  such  agreements have  been  concluded, nothing in this  Chapter shall  be  construed in or of itself  to alter  in any manner the rights  whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms  of existing international instruments to which  Members of the United Nations may  respectively be parties.
 
2.       Paragraph 1 of this Article shall  not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay  or postponement of  the  negotiation and  conclusion of  agreements for  placing mandated and  other  territories under  the trusteeship system as provided for in Article 77.
 
Article 81 
The  trusteeship agreement shall  in each  case  include the  terms  under  which  the  trust  territory will  be  administered and  designate the  authority which  will  exercise the  administration of  the  trust territory. Such  authority, hereinafter called the administering authority, may  be one  or more  states or the Organization itself.
 
Article 82 
There may  be designated, in any  trusteeship agreement, a strategic area  or areas  which  may include part or all of the trust  territory to which  the agreement applies, without prejudice to any special agreement or agreements made  under  Article 43.
  
Article 83 
1.       All  functions of  the  United Nations relating to  strategic areas, including the  approval of  the terms  of the trusteeship agreements and of their  alteration or amendment shall  be exercised by the Security Council.
 
2.       The  basic  objectives set  forth  in Article 76  shall  be  applicable to the  people of each  strategic area.
 
3.       The  Security Council shall,  subject to the provisions of the trusteeship agreements and  without prejudice to security considerations, avail  itself  of the  assistance of the  Trusteeship Council to perform those  functions of the United Nations under  the trusteeship system relating to political, economic, social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.
  
Article 84 
It shall  be the  duty  of the  administering authority to ensure that  the  trust  territory shall  play  its part  in the  maintenance of international peace and  security. To this end the administering authority may  make  use  of volunteer forces, facilities, and  assistance from  the trust  territory in carrying out the obligations towards the  Security Council undertaken in this  regard by the  administering authority, as well as for local  defence and the maintenance of law and order  within  the trust  territory.
  
Article 85 
1.       The  functions of  the  United Nations with  regard to  trusteeship agreements for  all  areas   not designated as strategic, including the approval of the terms  of the trusteeship agreements and of their  alteration or amendment, shall  be exercised by the General Assembly.
 
2.       The Trusteeship Council, operating under the authority of the General Assembly shall assist the General Assembly in carrying out these functions.
  
CHAPTER XIII
 
THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL COMPOSITION

Article 86

1.       The Trusteeship Council shall  consist of the following Members of the United Nations:
 
a)       those  Members administering trust  territories;
 
b)       such  of those  Members mentioned by  name  in Article 23  as  are  not  administering trust territories; and
 
c)       as  many  other  Members elected for  three-year terms  by  the  General Assembly as  may be  necessary to ensure that  the  total  number of members of the  Trusteeship Council is equally divided between those   Members of  the  United Nations which   administer trust territories and those  which  do not.
 
2.       Each   member of the Trusteeship Council shall designate one specially qualified person to represent it therein.


FUNCTIONS AND POWERS Article 87
The  General Assembly and,  under  its  authority, the  Trusteeship Council, in carrying out  their functions, may:
 
a)       consider reports submitted by the administering authority;
 
b)       accept petitions and examine them  in consultation with the administering authority;
 
c)       provide for periodic visits  to the  respective trust  territories at times  agreed upon  with  the administering authority; and
 
d)       take  these  and other  actions in conformity with the terms  of the trusteeship agreements.
 
Article 88
The  Trusteeship Council shall  formulate a questionnaire on the  political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of each  trust  territory, and  the administering authority for each  trust  territory within  the  competence of the  General Assembly shall  make  an  annual report to the General Assembly upon  the basis  of such  questionnaire.

VOTING Article 89
1.       Each  member of the Trusteeship Council shall  have  one vote.
 
2.       Decisions of the  Trusteeship Council shall  be made  by a majority of the  members present and voting.

PROCEDURE Article 90
1.       The   Trusteeship  Council  shall   adopt   its  own   rules   of  procedure,  including  the  method  of selecting its President.
 
2.       The  Trusteeship Council shall  meet  as required in accordance with  its rules,  which  shall  include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.
 
Article 91 
The  Trusteeship Council shall,  when  appropriate, avail  itself  of the  assistance of the  Economic and   Social  Council  and   of  the   specialized  agencies  in  regard  to  matters  with   which   they   are respectively concerned.
 

CHAPTER  XIV
 
THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

  
Article 92
The  International Court  of Justice shall  be  the  principal judicial organ  of the  United Nations. It shall   function in  accordance with   the  annexed Statute, which   is  based upon   the  Statute of  the Permanent Court  of International Justice and forms  an integral part of the present Charter.
  
Article 93 
1.       All  Members of  the  United Nations are  ipso  facto  parties to  the  Statute of  the  International
Court  of Justice.
 
2.       A state  which  is not a Member of the United Nations may  become a party  to the Statute of the International Court   of  Justice on  conditions to  be  determined in  each  case  by  the  General Assembly upon  the recommendation of the Security Council.
 
Article 94 
1.       Each  Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with  the decision of the International Court  of Justice in any case  to which  it is a party.
 
2.       If  any  party  to  a  case  fails  to  perform the  obligations incumbent upon  it  under  a  judgement rendered by the Court, the other  party  may  have  recourse to the Security Council, which  may,  if it  deems necessary, make   recommendations or  decide upon  measures to  be  taken   to  give effect  to the judgement.
 
Article 95
Nothing in the present Charter shall  prevent Members of the United Nations from  entrusting the solution of their  differences to other  tribunals by  virtue  of agreements already in existence or which may  be concluded in the future.
  
Article 96
1.       The General Assembly or the Security Council may  request the International Court  of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal  question.
 
2.       Other  organs of  the  United Nations and  specialized agencies, which  may  at  any  time  be  so authorized by the General Assembly, may  also  request advisory opinions of the Court  on legal questions arising within  the scope of their  activities.
 

CHAPTER  XV THE SECRETARIAT
 
Article 97
 
The  Secretariat shall  comprise a Secretary-General and  such  staff  as  the  Organization may require.   The    Secretary-General   shall    be    appointed   by    the    General   Assembly   upon    the recommendation  of   the   Security  Council.  He   shall   be   the   chief   administrative  officer  of   the Organization.
 
Article 98 
The Secretary-General shall  act in that capacity in all meetings of the General Assembly, of the Security Council, of  the  Economic and  Social Council, and  of  the  Trusteeship Council, and  shall perform such  other  functions as are  entrusted to him  by these  organs. The  Secretary-General shall make  an annual report to the General Assembly on the work  of the Organization.
  
Article 99
The  Secretary-General may  bring  to the  attention of the  Security Council any  matter which  in his opinion may  threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.

Article 100
1.       In the performance of their  duties the Secretary-General and  the staff  shall  not seek  or receive instructions from  any government or from  any other  authority external to the Organization. They shall   refrain from   any  action which   might   reflect on  their   position as  international officials responsible only to the Organization.
 
2.       Each   Member  of   the   United  Nations  undertakes  to   respect  the   exclusively  international character of  the  responsibilities of  the  Secretary-General and  the  staff  and  not  to  seek   to influence them  in the discharge of their  responsibilities.
  
Article 101
1.       The  staff  shall  be  appointed by  the  Secretary-General under   regulations established by  the General Assembly.
 
2.       Appropriate staffs   shall   be  permanently assigned to  the  Economic and  Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and,  as required, to other  organs of the United Nations. These staffs  shall form  a part of the Secretariat.
 
3.       The  paramount consideration in  the  employment of  the  staff  and  in  the  determination of  the conditions of  service shall  be  the  necessity of  securing the  highest standards of  efficiency, competence, and  integrity. Due  regard shall  be paid  to the importance of recruiting the staff  on as wide  a geographical basis  as possible.
 

CHAPTER  XVI MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  
Article 102
1.       Every   treaty   and  every   international agreement entered into  by  any  Member of  the  United Nations after  the present Charter comes into  force  shall  as soon  as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.
 
2.       No  party   to  any  such   treaty   or  international agreement which   has  not  been   registered in accordance  with   the   provisions  of  paragraph  1  of  this   Article  may   invoke  that   treaty   or agreement before any organ  of the United Nations.
  
Article 103
In the  event  of a conflict between the  obligations of the  Members of the  United Nations under the  present Charter and  their  obligations under  any  other  international agreement, their  obligations under  the present Charter shall  prevail.
 
Article 104 
The  Organization shall  enjoy  in the territory of each  of its Members such  legal  capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its purposes.
 
Article 105 
1.       The   Organization  shall   enjoy   in  the  territory  of  each   of  its  Members  such   privileges  and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes.
 
2.       Representatives of  the  Members of  the  United Nations and  officials of  the  Organization shall similarly enjoy  such  privileges and  immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their  functions in connection with the Organization.
 
3.       The  General Assembly may  make  recommendations with  a view  to determining the  details of the  application of  paragraphs 1  and   2  of  this  Article or  may   propose conventions to  the Members of the United Nations for this purpose.

 
CHAPTER  XVII TRANSITIONAL SECURITY  ARRANGEMENTS
  
Article 106 
Pending the  coming into  force  of  such  special agreements referred to  in  Article 43  as  in  the opinion of the  Security Council enable it to begin  the  exercise of its responsibilities under  Article 42, the parties to the Four-Nation Declaration, signed at Moscow, 30 October 1943,  and  France, shall,  in accordance with  the  provisions of paragraph 5 of that  Declaration, consult with  one  another and  as occasion requires with  other  Members of the United Nations with  a view  to such  joint  action on behalf of  the  Organisation as  may  be  necessary for  the  purpose of  maintaining international peace and security.
  
Article 107 
Nothing in the present Charter shall  invalidate or preclude action, in relation to any  state  which during the  Second World War  has  been  an enemy of any  signatory to the  present Charter, taken  or authorized as a result  of that war by the Governments having responsibility for such  action.
 
CHAPTER  XVIII AMENDMENTS
 
Article 108
 
Amendments to the present Charter shall  come  into force  for all Members of the United Nations when  they  have  been  adopted by a vote  of two  thirds  of the  members of the  General Assembly and ratified in accordance with  their  respective constitutional processes by two  thirds  of the  Members of the United Nations, including all the permanent members of the Security Council. 
 
Article 109
1.       A General Conference of the  Members of the  United Nations for  the  purpose of reviewing the present Charter may  be  held  at  a  date  and  place   to  be  fixed   by  a  two-thirds vote  of  the members of the General Assembly and  by a vote  of any nine  members of the Security Council. Each  Member of the United Nations shall  have  one vote  in the conference.
 
2.       Any alteration of the present Charter recommended by a two-thirds vote  of the conference shall take  effect  when  ratified in  accordance with  their  respective constitutional processes by  two thirds   of  the  Members of  the  United Nations including all  the  permanent members of  the Security Council.
 
3.       If  such   a  conference  has   not  been   held   before  the  tenth   annual  session  of  the  General Assembly following the  coming into  force  of  the  present Charter, the  proposal to  call  such  a conference shall  be  placed on  the  agenda of  that  session of  the  General Assembly, and  the conference shall   be  held  if  so  decided by  a  majority vote  of  the  members of  the  General Assembly and by a vote  of any seven members of the Security Council.
 
CHAPTER  XIX RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE
  
Article 110

1.       The  present Charter shall  be ratified by the signatory states in accordance with  their  respective constitutional processes.
 
2.       The ratifications shall  be deposited with  the Government of the United States of America, which shall  notify   all  the  signatory states of  each  deposit as  well  as  the  Secretary-General of  the Organization when  he has been  appointed.
 
3.       The  present Charter shall  come  into  force  upon  the  deposit of ratifications by  the  Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great  Britain and Northern Ireland. and  the  United States of  America, and  by  a majority of  the  other  signatory states. A protocol of the ratifications deposited shall  thereupon be drawn up by the Government of  the  United States of  America which  shall  communicate copies thereof to  all  the  signatory states.
 
4.       The  states signatory to  the  present Charter which   ratify   it  after  it  has  come   into  force   will become original Members of the  United Nations on  the  date  of the  deposit of their  respective ratifications.
 
Article 111 
The  present Charter, of  which  the  Chinese, French, Russian, English, and  Spanish texts  are equally authentic, shall  remain deposited in the  archives of the  Government of the  United States of America. Duly  certified copies thereof shall  be transmitted by that Government to the Governments of the other  signatory states.
 
 
IN  FAITH WHEREOF  the  representatives of  the  Governments of  the  United Nations have signed the present Charter.
 
 
DONE at the  city  of San  Francisco the  twenty-sixth day  of June,  one  thousand nine  hundred and forty-five.







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